The State Environmental Monitoring – The Integrated Monitoring of the Natural Environment
The history of creating a harmonized spatial data set
Source data comes from the CIEP file database, which is a copy of data on Integrated Monitoring of the Natural Environment (the source database operates at University of Adam Mickiewicz (UAM)). The data were transformed in accordance with INSPIRE models in subjects of Environmental Monitoring Facilities (EF), Atmospheric Conditions (AC), Meteorological geographical features (MF) and Hydrography (HY) in versions of schemas 4.0. Technical guidelines for EF, AC, MF and HY subjects are available in the specification D2.8.II / III.7 INSPIRE Data Specification on Environmental Monitoring Facilities – Technical Guidelines, D2.8.III.13-14 Data Specification on Atmospheric Conditions and Meteorological Geographical Features – Technical Guidelines and D2.8.I.8 Data Specification on Hydrography – Technical Guidelines.
The spatial dataset concerns Integrated Monitoring of the Natural Environment (IMNE), which is carried out as part of the nature monitoring subsystem of the State Environmental Monitoring coordinated by the Chief Inspector of Environmental Protection. The purpose of monitoring is to provide the data on the state of representative Poland’s geo-ecosystems (taking into account their geodiversity and biodiversity), the mechanisms of their functioning, the trends in the changes occurring in them as a result of climatic changes and human activity, the type and character of threats to geo-ecosystems. IMNE is holistic in character, treating the natural environment as a system composed of both biotic and abiotic components ecologically related with one another. The object of monitoring includes selected geo-ecosystems representative for Polish landscape structures. The IMNE is a monitoring program for the functioning of geoecosystems (landscapes). It serves to preserve the landscape structure of Poland. In terms of methodology, the IMNE program is based on the concept of the system functioning, implements the assumptions to preserve the geodiversity and biodiversity of the entire country. The basic object of research in the IMNE is the river (lake) catchment, within the range of which test research areas are located, capturing possibly all types of ecosystems of the examined landscape. The basis for implementing the IMNE program is a well-organized measuring system at Base Stations and an efficient IT system. Base stations should guarantee obtaining long-term observation series.